The "White Rajah"
Initially, I thought the term "White Rajahs” in Sarawak history was referring to these "Rajahs" don in white robe or clothings, it was only later I realized they were actually Englishmen who were part of the Brooke dynasty that ruled Sarawak from 1841 to 1947.

Founded by Englishman James Brooke in 1841 after he helped the Sultan of Brunei to crush a rebellion staged by the natives who resent the rule of the Bruneian monarchy

(P.S: it was told that after the rebellion, the Sultan of Brunei refused to honour the promise of ceding Sarawak to Brooke that was made on his behalf, that Brooke threatened further military action that forced the Sultan to honour the agreement and it was to say the name “Sarawak” derived from Malay phrase 'serah pada awak' which means - given to you).

Following the death of James in 1868, the throne was succeeded by his nephew Charles (even though, Charles had been the de-facto ruler after James returned to England in Sept 1863) and his 49 year-old reign marked the longest among the three “White Rajahs” that saw the economy of Sarawak fuelled by the rubber boom.

This unique dynasty finally came to the end in 1947, when the last “Rajah” Vyner Brooke (son of Charles) decided to cede Sarawak to the British government for hefty sum of pension, which the latter was more than glad to accept it as the British government had long wanted this part of Borneo as their crown colony to consolidate their presence in South East Asia.

Prior to the 1947 cession, Sarawak had been a British protectorate since 1888 with full autonomy except its foreign affairs which was handled by the British.

But with the territory in dire straits following the World War II, Vyner decided that it was in the best interest to make Sarawak a British crown colony, which incurred widespread of protest against such a move that resulted the assassination of Sir Duncan Stewart, the second British governor of the territory by Malay nationalist Rosli Dhoby.
CHARLES BROOKE MONUMENT 查而斯。布洛克纪念碑

 
RISE & FALL OF BROOKE DYNASTY “白拉惹” - 从全盛到兴衰

(Picture above) A small section of the museum is dedicated to showcase the past of the Brooke dynasty. (上图)博物馆内设有一个小角落展示布洛克皇朝的事与物。

(Picture above) The pictures of the three "White Rajahs" who rule Sarawak (L-R) - James, Charles and Vyner (上图)统治砂洲的三位“白拉惹” - 左起:詹穆斯,查而斯,维能。 布洛克

“白拉惹”
从前听说过砂劳越有过“白拉惹”的存在,还以为是因为这“拉惹”(马来语王者的意思)是身穿白袍而称为“白拉惹”, 但后来才发现原来真地有英国人在十九世纪中在婆罗洲这一带建立一个维持百年的皇朝。

1841年英国人詹穆斯。布洛克 因协助文莱苏丹平息叛变而把这大片土地割让给他(话说因为这协定是某王爷代理苏丹承诺给布洛克地,而苏丹有意违反这协定,所以在布洛克的炮灰威胁下,苏丹也只好旅行承诺)。

1868年,查而斯继承他舅舅为砂洲第二任“白拉惹”(由于詹穆斯生前无直系后裔,就由查而斯改姓为‘布洛克’后来继承王位),他也是这朝代在位最久的君王也为他的封地因树胶业的兴旺而促进它的经济发展。

这奇特的“白色皇朝”也因二次世界大战的缘故而画上句点。

经过战乱的洗礼使得砂劳越的一切毁于一旦,在许多不利的因素下“末代拉惹”维能。 布洛克(查而斯的儿子)决定将砂洲沦为英国殖民地以换取丰厚扶恤金。

这项举动引起强烈的反弹也导致英政府委派的第二任殖民总督史图华特被当地民族英雄罗斯里。多比暗杀 (罗斯里事后也被当局正法)。

实际上,英国早已想把婆罗洲这块土地并入其当时原有的殖民地,但因为遭到詹穆斯的反对,最多也是在1888年签订“自治邦”的协定来妥协双方的歧见。
(Picture above) Brooke's rule in Sarawak was not without any opposition and in these exhibits here displayed the those local ethnic leaders who led various rebellions against the "White Rajahs". (上图) 布洛克皇朝在砂洲也有数几次面对当地民众的反抗,以上为数位当时领导反抗的当地领袖。

(Pictured above) The picture on the left is a illustration of Rosli Dhoby's assassinating the British governor Sir Duncan Stewart, the right is the portrait of Rosli who carried the act at the age of 17 (上图)左图为一幅引述罗斯里行刺史图华特的情景,右图为罗斯里本人的照片,

HEROES MONUMENT 英雄纪念碑

This monument is located within the compound of the Sarawak Museum and dedicated to those heroes who sacrificed their lives in uphold the rights of the natives against the oppressors in Sarawak. 这座纪念碑竖立在砂劳越博物馆的管区内是为纪念那些壮烈牺牲的当地谋士。

INSIDE SARAWAK MUSEUM 位于砂劳越洲博物馆

(Picture above) On display are also the various costume of the local tribes (上图)博物馆也陈列了砂劳越境内的多元种族的服饰

(Picture above) A rare snapshot that captured the chaotic scene at Causeway shortly after the 1965 separation between Singapore and Malaysia (上图)这张旧照片反映当时新马分家后,长提混乱的场面。

Sarawak Museum is divided into two parts with the old building (pictured above left) on one side display exhibits of those themed under natural inhabitant , while the new wing (Dewan Tun Abdul Razak -pictured above right) on the other side of the road, linked by an overhead bridge, are most of those historical relics to those of the formation of Malaysia in 1963. 这座博物馆分成两个部分,左上图为原有的旧展览馆来展示多以自然生态为主题的物件,右上图为新展览馆来展览从旧时演变至近代史的一些文物。

 
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